Broad Policy –
- To pursue an Agriculture First strategy in resource allocation
- Public investment in agriculture will be stepped up substantially with focus in the backward and poor regions
- To ensure that public investment in agricultural research and extension, rural infrastructure and irrigation is stepped up in a significant manner at the very earliest. This will cover irrigation, electrification, godowns, marketing, research and extension
- The flow of agricultural credit would be doubled in the next three years and the coverage of small and marginal farmers by institutional lending will also expand substantially
- Irrigation will receive the highest investment priority and all on-going projects will be completed according to a strict time schedule.
- Immediate steps will be taken to ease the burden of debt and high interest rates on farm loans
- A special technology and extension programme for dry land farming will be introduced.
- An intensive agricultural development programme for the 100-odd districts in the arid and semi-arid regions of the country will he put in place
- Watershed development projects will be promoted on a large-scale and the wasteland development programme lying dormant these past few years will be revived
- Farmers all over the country will receive fair and remunerative prices and government agencies entrusted with the responsibility for procurement and marketing will pay special attention to farmers in poor and backward states and districts.
- To ensure the fullest implementation of minimum wage laws for farm labour.
- A comprehensive protective legislation will be enacted for all agricultural workers.
- Revenue administration will be thoroughly modernised and clear land titles will be established.
- A forward a Constitutional Amendment to ensure the democratic, autonomous and professional functioning of cooperatives.
- Controls that depress the incomes of farmers will be systematically removed. Farmers will be given greater say in the organisations that supply inputs to them.
- The UPA Government will ensure that adequate protection is provided to all farmers from imports, particularly when international prices fall sharply.
- Farmers all over the country will receive fair and remunerative prices
- The terms of trade will be maintained in favour of agriculture.
- Pledge to extend interest relief to all farmers who repay bank loans on schedule.
- Programmes for agricultural diversification, agriprocessing and rural industrialization will be pursued systematically
- The special needs of crops like tea, coffee,rubber, spices, cashew and coconut will be met.
- Firmly committed to ensuring that farmers get, at a very minimum, market rates for the land that is acquired for industrial projects.
- The Land Acquisition Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill will be passed to ensure that the interests of land-owners are more than adequately protected.
- UPA Government has launched the flagship ‘Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana’ in 2007 to reorient the agricultural development strategies to meet the needs of farmers. State-specific strategies to be funded additionally by the Centre
- UPA Government launched ‘National Food Security Mission’ in 2007 to operationalize the increase in production of rice, wheat and pulses
- The farmer’s participatory system of seed production was given an impetus under the Seed Village Scheme by organizing more than 65,000 seed villages
- The Kisan Credit Card is being enabled to be used as an ATM card at ATM/PoS terminals
- Agricultural credit is the driver of agricultural production. India will exceed the target of Rs575,000 crore fixed for 2012-13. Budget 2013-14 proposes to increase the target to Rs700,000 crore.
- The interest subvention scheme for short-term crop loans started, and a farmer who repays the loan on time will be able to get credit at 4 percent per annum.
- Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India’ (BGREI) is a remarkable success. . Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal have increased their contribution to rice production
- The total rice production in the 7 implementing states is estimated at 55.62 million tonnes out of the all-India production of 101.80 million tonnes
- Budget 2013-14 continues to support the Eastern Indian States with an allocation of Rs1000 crore
- Nutrient based subsidy policy for all fertilizers, other than urea, has been introduced
- Production of foodgrains is at an all time record level of over 250 million tonnes with production of rice and wheat estimated at all time record levels of 102 million tonnes and 88 million tonnes respectively
- National Horticulture Mission which was launched in 2005-06 envisages holistic development of the horticulture sector with the active participation of all the stake-holders
National Horticulture Mission – As of 2012, Per capita availability of fruits and vegetables has increased to about 169 gms/person/day and 332 gms/person/day respectively.
National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture (NeGP-A) has been launched, which is helping raising farm productivity and income to global levels through provision of relevant information and services to stakeholders.
India continues to be the largest milk producing nation in the worldThe Government has approved the National Dairy Plan Phase-I to be implemented during the period 2011-12 to 2016-17. The scheme is being implemented for increasing productivity of milch animals.
The UPA Government has set up a Special Purpose Tea Fund for funding replanting and rejuvenation of old tea bushes for improving the age-profile of tea plantations
- The UPA Government has introduced weather / rainfall insurance with 50% Government subsidy for small coffee-growers.
- Production of pulses and oilseeds is estimated at 17.28 million tonnes and 30.53 million tonnes respectively.
- Production of cotton estimated to be 34 million bales is also a new record
- The production of sugarcane stands at 347.87 million tonnes
- Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna – States and Union Territories have been provided Rs22408.79 Crore from 2007-08 to 2011-12. A sum of Rs 9,954 crore is proposed for the same in 2013-14
- National Mission on Protein Supplements- For Dairy, Fisheries, Piggery and
Goatery development, an amount of Rs297.50 crore was released to States National Mission on that was launched in 22 States as a part of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana.
- Livestock Insurance Scheme was launched in 2006 to with the twin objectives of providing protection to the farmers and cattle rearers against any eventual loss of their animals due to death and to demonstrate the benefit of the scheme to the people and popularize it with the ultimate goal of attaining qualitative improvement in livestock and their products.
- In 2009, UPA approved the implementation of Centrally Sponsored Scheme, “Poultry Development”. The ‘Rural Backyard Poultry Development’ component is expected to cover beneficiaries from Below Poverty Line to mainly enable them to gain supplementary income and nutritional support.
- The National Rainfed Area Authority has been established to foster harvesting, conservation and sustainable and equitable use of rainwater and will implement the Rainfed Area Development Programme from this year.
- The UPA Government, through its new credit policy, has ensured rapid expansion in disbursement of agricultural credit in amount and coverage, while also making it more affordable
- Under the scheme of Kisan Call Centres, a country wide common eleven digit
number ‘1800-180-1551’ is available to provide replies to the queries of the farming
community in 22 languages from 6.00 am to 10.00 pm on all 7 days of the week.
Since inception of the scheme, over 76.37 lakh calls have been received in the Kisan Call Centres till January, 2012
- 12th Five Year Plan, we will be taking a number of new initiatives such as Consortia research Platforms, Farmer FIRST, Student READY, Attracting and Retaining Youth in Agriculture, National Agricultural Education Project, Extra mural funding for research, Creation of funds for Agri-Innovations and Agri-Incubation and setting up of an Agriculture Technology Forecast Centre (ATFC), E-courses, Modernization of AU farms, etc
- The Production of wheat has increased from 75.81 million tons in 2006-07 (pre-NFSM year) to 94.88 million tons during 2011-12, i.e. nearly 19 million tons against the envisaged target of 8 million tons.
- The production of rice has increased from 93.36 million tons in 2006-07 to 105.31 million tons in 2011-12 with an increase of nearly 12 million tons against the target of 10 million tons.
- The total production of Pulses has also increased from 14.20 million tons during 2006-07 to 18.24 million tons during 2010-11, with an increase of 4 million tons against the target of 2.0 million tons. During 2011-12, production of 17.09 million tonnes of pulses was achieved.