Medical Education

Achievements in the field of Medical Education during last 4 years

AIIMS 1copy - Copy

  • Since May, 2009 12,062 MBBS seats and 9925 PG seats have been created.
  • 72 new medical colleges, including six new AIIMS, have been established since May, 2009.
  • At present, there are 362medical colleges with a capacity of 45629MBBS seatsand 23763 PG seats. (However, 12 colleges having 1300 MBBS seats have not been given renewal during 2012-13. Hence the actual number of available MBBS seats is 44329). State-wise details of colleges and MBBS seats are at Annexure-I and State-wise details of PG seats are at Annexure-II

 

NUMBER OF MEDICAL COLLEGES AND INCREASE IN MBBS/PG SEATS

Year

Total medical colleges

New Medical Colleges setup

Increase in MBBS seats

% age increase of seats

Increase in PG seats

% age increase of seats

2009-10

301

11

1800

5.36

1427

10.31

2010-11

315

14

1825

5.16

3707

24.28

2011-12

336

21

4542

12.21

2435

12.83

2012-13

362

26

3895

9.33

1443

6.74

Total

 

72

12062

35.93

9012*

65.13

 

*    For the academic year 2013-14, 913 new PG seats have been created. Last date for UG seats and opening of new medical colleges for academic year 2013-14 is 15.07.2013.

 

 

 

Scheme for Strengthening/upgradation of State Government Medical Colleges

  • To meet the shortage of faculty in pre and para-clinical disciplines and to ensure availability of specialists at PHCs/CHCs/District level providing service guarantee under NRHM, the Government is implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for “Strengthening/upgradation of State Government Medical Colleges for starting new PG courses/creating PG seats”with fund sharing between the Central and State Government in the ratio of 75:25.
  • Out of total central share of Rs. 1350 crores, a sum of  Rs. 686.02 crore has been released to 72 medical colleges upto 31.03.2013. The details of state-wise release under the Scheme are at Annexure-III.
  • 4147 additional PG seats would be created under the scheme.

 

Reforms in Medical Education

 

Relaxation in norms for opening of new medical colleges and intake capacity:

  • Land requirement relaxed from 25 acres to 20 acres.
  • In Metropolitan cities of Mumbai, Kolkata, New Delhi and Chennai and ‘A’ class cities of Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Pune, Bangalore and Kanpur, requirement of land would be 10 acres.
  • Land requirement of 10 acres extended to three other cities with population of more than 25 lakhs viz. Jaipur, Lucknow and Surat.
  • In hilly areas and notified tribal areas, North Eastern States and Union Territories of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Daman & Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Lakshadweep land can be in two pieces at a distance of not more than 10 km.
  • The relaxation to set up a medical college in two pieces of land and to utilize an existing hospital extended to 8 underserved states of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal for 5 years.
  • The relaxation has been further extended to the remaining States as well to enable state governments to set up new medical colleges by utilizing the existing district hospitals.
  • Requiredbed occupancyin North Eastern States & Hill States reduced.
  • Requirement of infrastructure like institution block, library, auditorium, examination hall, lecture theatres, etc. has been rationalized for optimal use.
  • Companies registered under the Companies Act allowed establishing medical colleges.
  • Maximum intake at MBBS level has been raised from 150 to 250.
  • For the academic year 2013-14, enhancement of intake capacity at UG level from 50/100 to 100/150 seats allowed without inspection by MCI during the first year (amendment being notified).

 

*          Relaxation in norms for appointment of faculty:

 

  • The ceiling on age limit for appointment as medical faculty has been raised from 65 to 70 years.
  • DNB qualification has been recognized for appointment as faculty to take care of shortage of faculty.
  • The ratio of teachers to students has been revised depending on disciplines and availability of faculty.
  • Postgraduate and Graduate medical degrees of five English speaking countries (US, UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand) have been recognized in India.

 

*          Steps taken to encourage rural posting:

  • Additional marks will be given in the Post Graduate Entrance Examination at the rate of 10% for each year of rural service subject to a maximum of 30%.

 

  • 50% Seats in post graduate diploma courses have been reserved for medical officers in Government service who have served for at least three years in remote and difficult areas

 

  • One years’ rural posting after passing MBBS has been made compulsory for getting admission in PG courses (amendment being notified).

 

 

New Initiatives

*          National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)

  • Single entrance tests in the name of National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) for admission to UG and PG medical was conducted for academic year 2013-14
  • Benefits of NEET:
    • Students will be saved from hardships faced by them in appearing in multiple entrance exams across the country
    • Bring uniformity in standards for admission to medical course to promote merit
  • Reservation policy of individual states, fee structure prescribed by the State Committees and the distribution of seats in different quotas would not be disturbed.
  • NEET-PG was conducted by National Board of Examinations during 23.11.2012 to 06.12.2012 in computer based test mode.
  • NEET-UG was conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) on 05.05.2013 in paper pencil mode in 6 regional languages viz. Assamese, Gujarati, Marathi, Bengali, Telugu and Tamil in addition to English and Hindi. The exam was also conducted in Urdu in the state of Maharashtra as per the directions of Supreme Court.
  • Court cases have been filed by a number of private medical colleges and State Governments of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh against NEET, which have been transferred to the Hon’ble Supreme Court.
  • The Hon’ble Court gave interim directions that MCI/DCI/states/institutions can hold their examinations but result would not be declared till the final judgment.
  • Subsequently, the court withdrew the ban on declaration of results and the final verdict in these cases is expected to be delivered in July, 2013.

 

*          Bachelor of Science (Community Health)

  • A three and a half years’ Bachelor of Science (Community Health) course which was earlier named as Bachelor of Rural Health Care is proposed to be introduced.
  • Objectives of course:
    • to create mid-level health professionals, who will primarily be deployed at Sub Centres and would possess the necessary public health and ambulatory care competencies to serve rural population.
  • The modalities of introduction of the course are being finalized.
  • The matter was also examined by the Department related Parliamentary Committee which opposed the course.
  • A Cabinet Note for not accepting the recommendations of the Standing Committee has been submitted to the Cabinet.

*          National Commission on Human Resources in Health

      Subsequent to the President’s address to the Joint Session of Parliament on 04th June 2009, a Bill for setting up a National Commission for Human Resources for Health (NCHRH), as an overarching regulatory body for health sector to reform the current framework and enhance supply of skilled personnel, was introduced in the RajyaSabha on 22nd December 2011 which referred the Bill to Department related Parliamentary Standing Committee. The recommendations of Parliamentary Committee have been received and are under examination.

*          Activities proposed during 12th Plan Period:

  • Scheme for establishment of new medical colleges attached with existing district hospitals

 

  • The new scheme is proposed with the objective of establishment of about 55 new medical colleges by upgrading district hospitals preferably in underserved districts of the country.
  • The total proposed outlay of the central government share is Rs. 8500 crores.
  • The centrally sponsored scheme has the provision of fund sharing between the Central Government and States in the ratio of 90:10 for NE/special category states and 75:25 for other states.
  • The proposed funds for each medical college are Rs. 200 crores, out of which Central Government share would be Rs. 180 crores for NE/special category states and Rs. 150 crore for other states.
  • This initiative would result in about 5500 MBBS seats in the country.

 

  • Strengthening and upgradation of state government medical colleges for increase in intake capacity of MBBS seats:

 

  • The new proposed scheme intends to add about 10000 MBBS seats in existing state government medical colleges after their upgradation under the scheme.
  • The total proposed outlay of the central government is Rs. 7500 crores.
  • The funds would be provided for equipment and infrastructure by the central government after gap analysis by the technical committee.
  • The scheme has the provision of fund sharing between the Central Government and States in the ratio of 90:10 for NE/special category states and 75:25 for other states.
  • The upper ceiling of cost per MBBS seat is Rs. 1.20 crore.

 

  • The present scheme of Strengthening and upgradation of state government medical colleges for increase PG seats:

 

This ongoing scheme is proposed to be continued during the 12th Plan Period as the second installment has not yet been released to 72 medical colleges funded under the scheme.

 

Nursing Education

 

Scheme for UPGRADATION AND STRENGTHENING OF NURSING SERVICES

            As a part of objective of upgradation and strengthening nursing services, the Government is implementing following schemes:

 

  • Scheme for opening of new ANM/GNM Schools:

 

*          The scheme envisages opening of 132 ANM (@ Rs. 5 crore per school) and 137 GNM Schools (@ Rs. 10 crore per school) in districts where there are no such schools.

*          117 ANM and 137 GNM Schools have been approved under the scheme.

*          A sum of Rs. 616.51 crore has been released under the Schemeupto 31.03.2013.

 

  • Strengthening/upgradation/establishment of Nursing Cells/Councils:

*          Scheme envisages financial assistance for strengthening/upgradation of State Nursing Councils to the tune of Rs. 1 crore per Nursing Council.

*          Rs. 14.90 crore has been released to 15 states @ Rs. 1 crore (Rs. 0.90 crore in respect of Delhi) has been released under the Scheme for strengthening and upgradation of Nursing Councils/Cells.

  • Scheme for Development of Nursing Services

*          Rs. 58.575 crore has been released for strengthening of 62  andupgradation of 17 Nursing Institutions.

  • Scheme for opening of 6 colleges of Nursing:

*          A scheme for establishment of 6 Colleges of Nursing at the sites of AIIMS like institutions at the cost of Rs. 120.00 crores is under implementation.

 

Paramedical Education

 

  • One National Institute of Paramedical Sciences (NIPS) at Delhi and 8 Regional Institute of Paramedical Sciences (RIPS) at Chandigarh, Lucknow, Bhopal Hyderabad, Coimbatore Bhubaneswar, Aurangabad and Bhagalpur are being set up at a total provision of Rs. 1156.43 crore.

 

  • For establishment of RIPS and NIPS and to enable State Governments to start Paramedical courses in State Medical Colleges, a sum of Rs.107.80 crore has been released.

 

  • Under “Strengthening/Up-gradation of Pharmacy Institutions” scheme, with a total outlay of Rs. 85 crore, pharmacy institutions are being provided financial assistance in the form of one time grant-in-aid for strengthening/up-gradation of pharmacy institutions and for conducting continuing education programme for faculty in pharmacy institutions and practicing pharmacists.

 

 

 

 

Annexure I

STATE-WISE DETAILS OF MEDICAL COLLEGES AND MBBS SEATS

Sl. No.

State

Government

Private

Total

 

No. of College

Seats

No. of Colleges

Seats

No. of Colleges

Seats

1

Andhra Pradesh

14

2050

26

3550

40

5600

2

Assam

5

626

0

0

5

626

3

Bihar

7

540

4

360

11

900

4

Chandigarh

1

50

0

0

1

50

5

Chhattisgarh

3

300

0

0

3

300

6

Delhi

4

750

2

200

6

950

7

Goa

1

150

0

0

1

150

8

Gujarat

9

1530

13

1700

22

3230

9

Haryana

2

300

4

400

6

700

10

Himachal Pradesh

2

200

0

0

2

200

11

Jammu & Kashmir

3

250

1

100

4

350

12

Jharkhand

3

250

0

0

3

250

13

Karnataka

11

1350

32

4655

43

6005

14

Kerala

6

1000

17

1850

23

2850

15

Madhya Pradesh

6

720

6

900

12

1620

16

Maharashtra

19

2200

24

2995

43

5195

17

Manipur

2

200

0

0

2

200

18

Meghalaya

1

50

0

0

1

50

19

Orissa

3

450

4

400

7

850

20

Pondicherry

1

150

7

900

8

1050

21

Punjab

3

350

7

795

10

1145

22

Rajasthan

6

800

4

550

10

1350

23

Sikkim

0

0

1

100

1

100

24

Tamil Nadu

19

2205

23

3350

42

5555

25

Tripura

2

200

0

0

2

200

26

Uttar Pradesh

10

1240

15

1800

25

3040

27

Uttaranchal

2

200

2

200

4

400

28

West Bengal

13

1750

2

250

15

2000

29

AIIMS

7

377

0

0

7

377

30

JIPMER

1

127

0

0

1

127

31

BHU, Varanasi

1

59

0

0

1

59

32

AMU, Aligarh

1

150

0

0

1

150

   

168

20574

194

25055

362

45629

 

 


Annexure-II

State wise details of postgraduate seats in the country

Sl. No.

State

Total

1

Andhra Pradesh

2715

2

Assam

368

3

Bihar

462

4

Chandigarh

38

5

Chhattisgarh

79

6

Delhi

1113

7

Goa

74

8

Gujarat

1620

9

Haryana

280

10

Himachal Pradesh

153

11

Jammu & Kashmir

367

12

Jharkhand

187

13

Karnataka

3286

14

Kerala

1186

15

Madhya Pradesh

688

16

Maharashtra

3108

17

Manipur

72

18

Meghalaya

8

19

Orissa

461

20

Pondicherry

369

21

Punjab

1028

22

Rajasthan

924

23

Sikkim

22

24

Tamil Nadu

2392

25

Tripura

30

26

Uttar Pradesh

1418

27

Uttaranchal

149

28

West Bengal

1166

 

Total

23763

 

 

Annexure-III

(Amount Rs. Crore)

FUNDS RELEASED UNDER STRENGTHENING AND UPGRADATIN OF STATE GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGES FOR INCREASE/CREATION OF PG SEATS (Upto 31.03.2013)

S. No.

Name of the State No. of Medical colleges funded Total funds approved Central Government Share (75%) Amount released as first instalment Number of PG seats to be increased

1

Andhra Pradesh

10

185.126

138.881

69.64

689

2

Assam

3

47.2

35.41

17.71

143

3

Bihar

6

74.425

55.82

29.06

199

4

Chandigarh

1

45.56

34.17

17.09

48

5

Chhatisgarh

1

32.73

24.55

12.275

79

6

Goa

1

22.14

16.6

16.07

124

7

Gujarat

1

29.62

22.22

22.22

86

8

Himachal Pradesh

1

14.5

10.88

10.05

17

9

J & K

1

37.57

28.18

14.08

127

10

Jharkhand

2

44.01

33.005

16.49

102

11

Kerala

2

54.453

40.838

21.455

150

12

Madhya Pradesh

4

87.758

65.82

26.91

203

13

Maharashtra

11

345.7935

259.34

129.57

692

14

Orissa

3

19.7

14.77

5.54

107

15

Punjab

2

60.285

45.22

13.08

176

16

Rajasthan

6

138.0815

103.79

103.54

297

17

Tripura

1

24.55

18.41

7.29

115

18

Uttarakhand

1

12.55

9.41

2.65

62

19

Uttar Pradesh

7

55.09

41.3

38.53

265

20

West Bengal

8

168.91

126.6825

112.77

466

 

Total

72

1500.052

1125.2965

686.02

4147

 

 

 

 

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