Minority Affairs

Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Programme  for the Welfare of Minorities–

 (A) Enhancing opportunities for Education

(1) Equitable availability of ICDS Services

A certain percentage of the ICDS projects and Anganwadi Centres will be located in blocks/villages with a  substantial population of minority communities to ensure that the benefits of  this scheme are equitably available to such communities also.

(2) Improving access to School Education

Under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme, and other similar Government schemes, it will be ensured that a  certain percentage of all such schools are located in villages/localities having  a substantial population of minority communities

(3) Greater resources for teaching Urdu

Central assistance will be provided for recruitment and posting of Urdu  language teachers in primary and upper primary schools that serve a  population in which at least one-fourth belong to that language group.

Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Programme  for the Welfare of Minorities–

(4) Modernizing Madarsa Education

The Central Plan Scheme of Area Intensive and Madarsa Modernization Programme provides basic educational infrastructure in areas of  concentration of educationally backward minorities and resources for the  modernization of Madarsa education

(5) Scholarships for meritorious students from minority communities

Schemes for pre-matric and post- matric scholarships for students from minority communities will be formulated and implemented

(6) Improving educational infrastructure through the Maulana Azad  Education Foundation

The Government shall provide all possible assistance to Maulana Azad  Education Foundation (MAEF) to strengthen and enable it to expand its activities more effectively.

(B) Equitable Share in Economic Activities and Employment

(7) Self-Employment and Wage Employment for the poor

A certain percentage of the physical and financial targets under the NREGS will  be earmarked for beneficiaries belonging to the minority communities living below the poverty line in rural areas.

(8) Upgradation of skills through technical training

A certain proportion of all new ITIs will be located in  areas predominantly inhabited by minority communities and a proportion of  existing ITIs to be upgraded to ‘Centres of Excellence’ will be selected on the  same basis

(9) Enhanced credit support for economic activities

The National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC) was set up in 1994 with the objective of promoting economic development activities among the minority communities.

A target of 40% of net bank credit for priority sector lending has been fixed for domestic banks. It will be ensured that an appropriate percentage of the priority sector lending in all categories is targeted for the minority communities.

(10) Recruitment to State and Central Services

In the recruitment of police personnel, State Governments will be advised to give special consideration to minorities Large scale employment opportunities are provided by the Railways,nationalized banks and public sector enterprises

(11) Equitable share in rural housing scheme

The Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) provides financial assistance for shelter to the rural poor living below the poverty line. A certain percentage of the physical and financial targets under IAY will be earmarked for poor beneficiaries from minority communities living in rural

(12) Improvement in condition of slums inhabited by minority communities

Under the schemes of Integrated Housing & Slum Development Programme (IHSDP) and Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM),  the Central Government provides assistance to States/UTs for development  of urban slums through provision of physical amenities and basic services. It  would be ensured that the benefits of these programmes flow equitably to  members of the minority communities and to cities/slums, predominantly inhabited by minority communities.

(D) Prevention & Control of Communal Riots

(13) Prevention of communal incidents

In the areas, which have been identified as communally sensitive and riot prone, district and police officials of the highest known efficiency, impartiality and secular record must be posted. In such areas and even elsewhere, the prevention of communal tension should be one of the primary duties of the district magistrate and superintendent of police. Their performances in this regard should be an important factor in determining their promotion

prospects.

(14) Prosecution for communal offences

Severe action should be taken against all those who incite communal tension or take part in violence. Special court or courts specifically earmarked to try communal offences should be set up so that offenders are brought to book speedily.

(15) Rehabilitation of victims of communal riots

Victims of communal riots should be given immediate relief and provided prompt and adequate financial assistance for their rehabilitation.

Computerization of Records of State Wakf Boards

The Joint Parliamentary on Wakf submitted its 9th report to Parliament on 23.10.2008. The Joint Parliamentary Committee on Wakf in its 9th Report recommended computerization of the records of State Wakf Boards at an estimated cost of Rs.25 Crore. T

The proposal was considered in the Ministry. The Prime Minister has approved the proposal and a token provision of Rs 10 Crore has also been made in BE 2009-10.

28298 modules of Wakf Properties are Digitalized till March 2013

Corpus Fund To  Maulana Azad Education Foundation (MAEF)

The Maulana Azad Education Foundation (MAEF) was established in 1989 as a voluntary, non-political, non-profit making society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.

The main objectives of MAEF are to formulate and implement educational schemes and plans for the benefit of the educationally backward minorities in particular and weaker sections in general, to facilitate establishment of residential schools, especially for girls, in order to provide modern education to them and to promote research and encourage other efforts for the benefit of educationally backward minorities.

Rs 153.24 Crore granted till date, 77003 Girl Students Have Been Given Scholarships

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Maulana Azad National Fellowship  Scheme

The objective of the Fellowship is to provide integrated five year fellowships in the form of financial assistance to students from minority communities, as notified by the Central Government to pursue higher studies such as M. Phil and Ph.D

The Fellowship will cover all Universities/Institutions recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC) under section 2(f) and section 3 of the UGC Act and will be implemented by the Ministry of Minority Affairs through UGC for students belonging to the minority communities.

From 2009 to 2011-, 2665 students have been given to Maulana Azad National Fellowship to pursue studies such as M. Phil and Ph.D.

Equity to National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC)

The National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC) was incorporated on 30th September 1994, with the objective of promoting economic activities amongst the backward sections of notified minorities.

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Equity to National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC)

Micro Financing

NMDFC took the lead to start a parallel channel of micro financing w.e.f. 1/4/1998. This initiative was taken in order to reach the poorest among the target group, especially the minority women scattered in remote villages and urban slums who are not able to take advantage of the formal banking credit as well as NMDFC programme through its SCA.

Under this scheme small loans up to a maximum of Rs. 25,000 per beneficiary are provided through the network of NGOs and SHGs. Funds are given to the NGOs at an interest rate of 1%, which further do the lending to the beneficiaries directly or through the SHGs at an interest rate of 5%.

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“Nai Roshni”- The Scheme for Leadership Development of Minority Women

The objective of the scheme is to empower and instill confidence among

minority women, including their neighbours from other communities living in the

same village/locality, by providing knowledge, tools and techniques for

interacting with Government systems, banks and other institutions at all levels.

Empowerment of women from the minority communities and emboldening

them to move out of the confines of their home and community and assume

leadership roles and assert their rights, collectively or individually, in accessing

services, facilities, skills, and opportunities besides claiming their due share of

development benefits of the Government for improving their lives and living Conditions

Leadership Development Training Modules

Specific training modules based on local issues/needs will be developed by involving ground level local organizations

Pre-matric Scholarship Scheme

The scholarship at pre-matric level will encourage parents from minority communities to send their school going children to school, lighten their financial burden on school education and sustain their efforts to support their children to complete school education

Achievements

1,86,54,260 pre matric scholarships  to minority students were given from 2008-09 to March 2013

Every year 3730852 pre matric scholarships were given on an average (till March 2013) in the last 5 years Almost 50% students were females

The authorised share capital of NMDFC which stood Rs.650 crore in 2004 now stands at Rs.1500 crore

Post-matric Scholarship Scheme

The Prime Minister’s New 15 Point Programme for the Welfare of Minorities was announced in June, 2006. It provides that a post-matric scholarship scheme for meritorious students from minority communities would be implemented.

The objective of the scheme is to award scholarships to meritorious students belonging to economically weaker sections of minority community so as to provide them better opportunities for higher education, increase their rate of attainment in higher education and enhance their employability.

Achievements

 

2517897  post matric scholarships  to minority students were given from 2008-09 to March 2013

Every year more than 50000 minority students are getting the post matric scholarship.

Free Coaching and Allied Scheme for Minority Communities Students

The scheme aims to empower the students/candidates of notified minority communities, which are relatively disadvantaged section of our society vis-a-vis their skills and capabilities to make them employable in industries, services society, by assisting them as well as those institutions working for them, towards in-resilience to adapt itself to the market dynamics on a continuous basis so that the target groups are not deprived of the professional acumen demanded by the enhancing and business sectors in addition to the government sector. It has the built changing/emerging market needs and opportunities for employment at domestic as well as international levels.

Achievements

23779 students got Free Coaching  by from 2008-09 to 2012

Almost 50% students were females

 

Almost 50% students were females

 

Follow up on Sachar Committee Report

UGC has sanctioned 285 women’s hostels during the 11thPlan in 90  Minority Concentration Districts and released Rs 203.69 crore.

During  2012-13, funds of Rs.7.58 crore out of the allocated Rs.14.20 crore  have been released till Dec., 2012

 

During the period of implementation of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha  Abhiyan from 2009-10 till date, 9670 New Secondary Schools have  been approved out of which 7303 have become functional and 906  schools have been approved in Minority Concentration Districts and 461 of these have become functional as on 31.1.2012

The Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Teacher Education is under  revision. It is proposed to establish 196 Block Institutes of Teacher  Education (BITEs) – one Institute in a block of each of the 90 MCDs and the SC/ST dominated districts (other than the block in which a DITE is sanctioned).

Under the Academies set up in Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Jamia Milia Islamia (JMI) and Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MANUU) for professional development of Urdu medium teachers, 5092 Urdu teachers have been trained and an amount of Rs. 4 crore has been sanctioned for each of the Universities by the UGC during the 11th

The Department of School Education & Literacy has launched ‘Saakshar Bharat’ the new variant of the National Literacy Mission on

08.09.2009 for implementation during the 11th Plan with an objective to make 70 million non- literate adults literate by the end of the Plan. The scheme has special focus on women, belonging to Minorities.

It is proposed to cover 12 million Muslim (10 million women and 2 million men) under the programme. Saakshar Bharat is being implemented in 372 districts out of 410 eligible districts where adult female literacy is 50% or below as per 2001 Census. 61 minority concentration districts have been covered under Saakshar Bharat.

Proforma for reporting and monitoring of loans to minorities have been devised. During 2012-13, 14,46,507 loan applications were received. 14,28660 applications had been accepted, 15,803 applications were rejected and 2694 applications are pending.

As per the PM’s 15PP, 15% Priority Sector Lending by Banks should be earmarked for minorities. The RBI issues master circular every year in this regard. The Govt. has further advised the banks to capture community-wise data of PSL. The percentage of PSL going to minorities has shown steady progress form 10.6% in 2007-08 to 12.24% in 2008- 09, 13.01% in 2009-10, 14.16% in 2010-11, 14.55% in 2011-12 and 14.96% in Dec, 2012.

The Communtiy-wise data of PSL at National level has become available from the quarter September to Dec, 2012. As on 31.12.2012, the community-wise details are given below :

(a) Muslims – 46.90%

(b) Christians – 23.22%

(c) Sikhs – 26.16%

(d) Buddhists- 2.91%

(e) Parsis – 0.81%

A total of 6487  bank branches have been opened in areas with substantial

minority population during the period from 2007-08 to 2012-13 (upto

Dec, 2012).

Wakf (Amendment) Act 2013 was passed by the Parliament in  September 2013. To protect the Wakf properties and prevent illegal grabbing of Wakf land

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