National Security

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Defence Expenditure: 
1
Trends in left wing extremism: 
3
Trends in terrorist violence in Jammu and Kashmir: 
46

Broad Policy –

  • Our policy is zero tolerance towards terrorism from whatever source it originates
  • To ensure that all delays in the modernisation of the armed forces are eliminated and that all funds earmarked for modernisation are spent fully at the earliest.
  • More specialist battalions will be raised and positioned in key locations across the country.
  • To set up a new Department of Ex-Servicemen’s Welfare in the Ministry of Defence. The long-pending issue of one-rank, one-pension will be re-examined.
  • To maintain a credible nuclear weapons programme while at the same time it will evolve demonstrable and verifiable confidence-building measures with its nuclear neighbours.
  •  It will take a leadership role in promoting universal, nuclear disarmament and working for a nuclear weapons-free world.
  •  To ensure that strictest possible action without fear or favour, against all those individuals and organisations who spread social discord, disturb social amity and propagate religious bigotry and communal hatred. The law of the land will be enforced effectively.
  • Citizenship is a right and a matter of pride. With the huge IT expertise available in our country, it is possible to provide every Indian with a unique identity card after the publication of the national population register in the year 2011.
  • Pledge to make India’s defence forces technology-enabled and equipped with modern weapons, aircraft, ships and delivery systems to repel any threat from land, sea or air.
  • Recognizing their special concerns, a new and separate department of ex-servicemen’s welfare was established in 2004 by the Congress-led UPA Government. Ex-servicemen constitute a large cadre of dedicated and trained persons. We will utilize them extensively in crucial nation-building tasks.
  • Indian National Congress  and the UPA recognizes the imperative of police reforms
  • The police force will be better provisioned especially in the matter of housing and education facilities; the police force will be made more representative of the diversity our population; and police recruitment will be made more effective and training professionalized to confront new and emerging threats
  • Accountability of the police force will be institutionalized.

Reforms  &  Targeted Actions –

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  • The emergence of ideology linked terrorism, the spread of small arms and light weapons(SALW), the proliferation of WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction) and globalization of its economy are some of the factors which link India’s security directly with the extended neighbourhood
  • Technology  advances in telecommunications and other areas have provided potent force multipliers to boost the capabilities and impact of terrorist activities
  • India has strengthened its  participation in multilateral institutions and deepened its strategic partnerships with various countries so as to effectively contribute, as a responsible stakeholder, to regional and global peace and stability.
  • The UPA Government has placed special emphasis on enhancing defence preparedness and upgrading the capabilities of the Armed Forces to meet security challenges.
  • A new Defence Production Policy was drawn up, with the objective of achieving self reliance in defence production.
  • FDI upto 26 % is permitted in Defence sector, subject to FIPB approval.
  • The Government’s approach is to deal with left wing extremism in a holistic manner, in the areas of security, development, ensuring rights of local communities, good governance and public perception.
  • State governments deal with various issues related to the activities of left wing extremists in States. The Central government supplements their efforts through a wide range of schemes.
Exhibits –

Internal Security

• The Internal Security situation in the country showed distinct signs of improvement over the previous years.
• The level of infiltration from across the borders and the resultant terrorist activities in the valley of Kashmir showed a significant decline
•  Terrorism in the hinterland has been by and large under control since the Mumbai terror attacks
• Implementation of the Integrated Action Plan in 78 Left Wing Extremist (LWE) affected districts for providing public infrastructure and services in select tribal and backward districts most of which are affected by left wing extremism.
• In order to give a push to development works in areas affected by left wing extremism, Government approved formation of 10 new Specialized India ReserveBattalions and conversion of 3 previously sanctioned India Reserve Battalions into specialized India Reserve Battalions.
• These Battalions have both security as well as engineering formations to remove any hindrance in executing developmental works.
• The communal situation remained by and large under control despite some isolated incidents
•  The Government signed a tripartite agreement for setting up of the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration.

Exhibits –

Internal Security

• UPA envisioned the National Investigation Agency – With Branch Offices At Guwahati, Hyderabad, Lucknow , Kochi and Mumbai
•  Issues related to peace process in Assam were discussed with ULFA leaders
• The gradual improvement in the security situation in North-East and bonding with the people of that area is important for emotional integration in the long term security interests of the country.
•  Numerous insurgent groups of North East (Manipur and Nagaland) have signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of India
• Land for setting up of the headquarters of the National Intelligence Grid in Delhi has already been acquired.
• NATGRID will in due course link various databases in the country for constructing actionable intelligence to combat terrorism and internal security threats.
• More than Rs 418 crore have been released to the States and UTs under the project called the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems which is being implemented for creating a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of policing at all levels, especially at the police station level
• The total length of the Indo-Bangladesh border sanctioned to been fenced is 3,436.59 km.; out of which 2760.12 km. of fencing has so far been completed as of March 2012.
• Only 101 km of border length approximately in West Bengal along Indo-Bangladesh border, where fencing work is pending due to land acquisition issues
• Until March 2012- 3,605 km of border roads and 1,292 km of floodlighting have been completed along the Indo-Bangladesh border.
• 31 additional border out posts have been added on the Indo-Bangladesh and the Indo-Pakistan borders during the current year taking the total number of outposts to 1,442
• More than Rs. 990 crore has been allocated for Border Area Development Plan for the year 2012-13, The BADP covers 358 blocks of 96 border districts of 17 States located along the international Land Border.
• To facilitate trans-border movement of goods and people, 13 integrated checkposts are being set up at designated entry points on the international land borders of the country, at an estimated cost of Rs 635 crore.
• In the first phase, construction of 7 integrated check-posts has been taken up, viz., Attari (India-Pakistan), Raxaul (India- Nepal), Jogbani (India-Nepal), Dawki (India-Bangladesh), Akhaura (India-Bangladesh), Moreh (India-Myanmar) and Petrapole (India-Bangladesh).
• The Integrated Check Post at Attari, Punjab, on the Indo-Pakistan Border has been completed while the Integrated Check Posts at Raxaul and Jogbani, both in Bihar along the Indo-Nepal Border, are under construction
•  In 2012, Rs. 1,200 crore has been alloted for the modernisation and development of the National Security Guard
• 5 NSG Regional Hubs Established in Manesar, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Chennai and Mumbai. One at Gandhinagar approved.

Reforms  &  Targeted Actions –

External Defence

• The emergence of ideology linked terrorism, the spread of small arms and light weapons(SALW), the proliferation of WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction) and globalisation of its economy are some of the factors which link India’s security directly with the extended neighbourhood
• Technology  advances in telecommunications and other areas have provided potent force multipliers to boost the capabilities and impact of terrorist activities
• India has strengthened its  participation in multilateral institutions and deepened its strategic partnerships with various countries so as to effectively contribute, as a responsible stakeholder, to regional and global peace and stability.
• The UPA Government has placed special emphasis on enhancing defence preparedness and upgrading the capabilities of the Armed Forces to meet security challenges.
• A new Defence Production Policy was drawn up, with the objective of achieving self reliance in defence production.
• FDI upto 26 % is permitted in Defence sector, subject to FIPB approval.
• The UPA Government has taken several steps to promote the modernization of our armed forces and ensure defence preparedness of the country.
• The successful launch of Agni-III Missile and the induction of BrahMos Missile System into our armed forces constitute major milestones in the upgrade of our defence technology.
• DRDO successfully test fired the indigenously developed Agni-V Long Range Ballistic Missile with a range of 5,000 km and the capability to carry various forms of payloads, taking India into a select club of countries in the world
• Akash surface to air missile system capable of multi-target handling, is also being inducted.
• The raising of two mountain divisions to safeguard the North-Eastern borders and setting up of the second Officers Training Academy (OTA) at Gaya, Bihar
• The modernisation of Rashtriya Rifles underway to improve the counter insurgency grid in Jammu & Kashmir.
• The ordnance factories and Defence Public Sector Undertakings maintained their trend of increased production and enhanced investments in Research and Development every year
• Two regiments of the indigenous Main Battle Tank (MBT) – Arjun were operationalised by the Army.
• The indigenously designed and developed Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) – Tejas, which is the smallest light weight, multi-role combat aircraft in the world, was cleared for operations by the Air Force.
•The Air Force has also successfully inducted the Airborne Warning and Control System(AWACS).

Exhibits –

External Defence

• Major milestones included launch of Agni-IV missile and the surface-to-surface tactical battlefield missile Prithvi-II
• To provide the desired offensive capabilities to Mechanised Infantry, the Army is well on its way to undertake an ambitious programme to modernise the entire fleet of BMPs.
• The first fully modified aircraft for the indigenously developed Indian Airborne Early Warning and Control System took to the skies in December 2011.
• Procurement of a modern, state of the art Anti Tank Guided Missile is also under process.
• The First indigenously designed and built stealth frigate, INS Shivalik was commissioned. India’s first pollution control vessel ‘Samudra Prahari’ was also commissioned.
• The nuclear-powered attack submarine INS Chakra was inducted into the Indian Navy on April 4, 2012.
•  48 ships and submarines presently on order, 44 are being built in Indian shipyards.
• In consonance with the Indian Navy’s commitment towards antipiracy operations in the Gulf of Aden, the IN has deployed one warship continuously in the area from October, 2008.
• An integrated and synergetic approach has been adopted byinvolving the Indian Navy, Coast Guard,Intelligence, Custom, State Marine Police, and other central and state agencies in meeting this challenge.
•Following reassessment of vulnerabilities, Phase-II of the Coastal Security Scheme has been launched with an outlay Rs 1579 crore
• It aims to add another 131 Coastal Police Stations, 60 Jetties, 180 Patrolling Boats, 10 large Vessels for A&N Islands along with other policing infrastructure in coastal States/UT’s
• From January 2009 there has been an increase of 60-80% in the deployment of 39 IN ships and 100% increase in IN aircraft deployment for coastal security tasking
• The second indigenously designed and built stealth frigate of the Shivalik class, INS Satpura was commissioned on August 20, 2011.
•  The first fully modified aircraft for the indigenously developed Indian Airborne Early Warning and Control System took to the skies in December 2011.
•  The nuclear-powered attack submarine INS Chakra was inducted into the Indian Navy on April 4, 2012.
• The country’s First Armed Forces Tribunal  was established in 2009 for the adjudication of complaints and disputes regarding service matters
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