Rural Renewal

India Employment

sg

Broad Policy –

  • To pay special attention to augmenting and modernising rural infrastructure, consisting of roads, irrigation, electrification, cold-chain and marketing outlets
  • All existing irrigation projects will be completed within three-four years. Household electrification will be completed in five years.
  • Providing drinking water to all sections in urban and rural areas and augmenting the availability of drinking water sources is an issue of topmost priority.
  • Provide additional 1.2 crore houses at the rate of 24 lakh houses each year to be built by funds allocated to the homeless through Panchayats.
  • Cover approximately 55 thousand uncovered habitations and provide safe drinking water to approximately 2.16 lakh villages affected by poor water quality.
  • Increase rural tele-density to 40% and provide broadband connectivity in all 2.5 lakh panchayats.
  • Provide road connections to remaining 23,000 villages approximately with population of 1000 or 500 in case of hilly or tribal areas.
  • Provide electricity to remaining 40,000 villages approximately and connections to about 1.75 crore poor households.
  • 10 million hectares to be brought under assured irrigation
  • To pledge at least 100 days of work at a real wage of Rs 100 a day for everyone as an entitlement under the NREGA.

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Reforms & Targeted Actions –

  • The UPA Government launched Bharat Nirman (2004-09) – A time bound flagship programme for comprehensive improvement of rural infrastructure
  • Bharat Nirman: Tasks
  • Every village to be provided electricity: remaining 1,25,000 villages to be covered as well as connect 2.3 crore households
  • Every habitation over 1000 population and above (500 in hilly and tribal areas) to be provided an all-weather road: remaining 66,802 habitations to be covered
  •  Every habitation to have a safe source of drinking water: 55,067 uncovered habitations
  • Every village to be connected by telephone: remaining 66,822 villages to be covered by November 2007
  • 10 million hectares (100 lakhs) of additional irrigation capacity to be created
  • 60 lakh houses to be constructed for the rural poorbn
  • The UPA Government initiated the bill enacted as The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, (MNREGA) which has entitled the rural poor to guaranteed employment for 100 days.
  • A social safety net of this dimension has not been undertaken anywhere in the world.
  • The nation faced a severe drought in 2009. The UPA government approved assistance amounting to Rs. 4806 crore from the National Calamity Contingency Fund (NCCF) to help mitigate the effects of the drought.
  • The Desert Development Programme (DDP), the Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and the Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP) have been integrated into a comprehensive IntegratedWatershed Management Programme (IWMP).
  • The farmer’s participatory system of seed production was given an impetus under the Seed Village Scheme by organizing more than 65,000 seed villages
  • Nutrient based subsidy policy for all fertilizers, other than urea, has been introduced
  • To ensure democratic, autonomous and professional functioning of cooperatives, the government has introduced an Amendment in the Constitution. The Constitution (111th Amendment) Act, 2011 passed by the Parliament
  • The Act adds a new Directive Principles of State Policy stating that the “State shall endeavour to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of co-operative societies.”
  • UPA Government launched ‘National Food Security Mission’ in 2007 to  operationalize the increase in production of rice, wheat and pulses.
  • UPA Government has launched the flagship ‘Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana’ in 2007 to reorient the agricultural development strategies to meet the needs of farmers.  State-specific strategies to be funded additionally by the Centre
  • National Horticulture Mission which was launched in 2005-06 envisages holistic development of the horticulture sector with the active participation of all the stake-holders.
  • The UPA Government has set up a Special Purpose Tea Fund for funding replanting and rejuvenation of old tea bushes for improving the age-profile of tea plantations.
  • Livestock Insurance Scheme was launched in 2006 to with the twin objectives of providing protection to the farmers and cattle rearers against any eventual loss of their animals due to death and to demonstrate the benefit of the scheme to the people and popularize it with the ultimate goal of attaining qualitative improvement in livestock and their products.
  • In 2009, UPA approved the implementation of Centrally Sponsored Scheme, “Poultry Development”. The ‘Rural Backyard Poultry Development’ component is expected to cover beneficiaries from Below Poverty Line to mainly enable them to gain supplementary income and nutritional support.
  • The Backward Regions Grant Fund programme is being implemented through panchayats in 250 identified districts.
  • The National Rainfed Area Authority has been established to foster harvesting, conservation and sustainable and equitable use of rainwater and will implement the Rainfed Area Development Programme from this year.
  • The UPA Government, through its new credit policy, has ensured rapid expansion in disbursement of agricultural credit in amount and coverage, while also making it more affordable
  • The UPA Government has taken up the revival of the rural cooperative banking system and recapitalisation of RRBs to improve their lending ability
  • Janashree Bima Yojana provides insurance to Self Help Women Groups
  • The UPA Government has introduced weather / rainfall insurance with 50% Government subsidy for small coffee-growers.
  • The UPA Government, through development of market yards, modernisation of a thousand ginning and pressing factories and other measures taken under the Technology Mission on Cotton
  •  The UPA Government is pursuing expansion of the Integrated Oilseeds, Oil palm, Pulses and Maize Development Programme through doubling of production of certified seeds within a period of three years.
  • A National Bamboo Mission has been launched to promote holistic growth of the bamboo sector
  • The UPA Government has launched the National Agricultural Innovation Project for transfer of research knowledge to the field and has set up Krishi Vigyan Kendras in almost all rural districts.
  • Mega food Parks have been established to enable setting up of about 500 food processing industries.
  • National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture (NeGP-A) has been launched, which is helping raising farm productivity and income to global levels through provision of relevant information and services to stakeholders.
  • Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme launched under NABARD to promote Milk Production
  • National Rural Livelihood Mission called Aajeevika has been launched with special focus on the poorest households.
  • The mission aims at enabling the poor household to access gainful selfemployment and skilled wage employment opportunities resulting in appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis.
  • The Kisan Credit Card is being enabled to be used as an ATM card at ATM/PoS terminal.
  • National Rural Drinking Water programme launched
  • Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas(PURA) the brainchild of Former President Dr. Kalam was launched by UPA. The scheme envisages Holistic and accelerated development of Panchayats by Public Private Partnership (PPP) framework for providing livelihood opportunities and urban amenities to improve the quality of life in rural areas.
  • The Integrated Action Plan (IAP) for Selected 78 Tribal and Backward Districts  for providing public infrastructure and services in select tribal and backward districts most of which are affected by left wing extremism.
  • UPA launched PM’s Rural Development Fellows (PMRDF) for deploying young professionals in each of the IAP districts to assist the District Collector. This is the first such scheme ever.
  • Greening Rural Development Programmes in India’ – launched Integrating environmental considerations in implementation of the programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development
  •  ‘Council for Advancement of People’s  Action and Rural Technology‘ (CAPART) assisted by over 12000 organizations across the country in implementing a wide range of rural development initiatives.

Exhibits – 

  • The UPA Government had launched the Bharat Nirman programme in 2004 with a view to improving rural infrastructure in a comprehensive manner.
  • Bharat Nirman Target of creating additional irrigation potential of 1 crore hectares achieved before March 2012
  • Bharat Nirman  Target for providing electricity to 1 lakh villages and 1.75 crore poor households achieved before March 2012
  • Bharat Nirman Target of upgrading 1.94 lakh kms of existing rural roads and providing safe drinking water to identified habitations, have been achieved
  • 71.8 lakh houses were constructed during the first phase against a target of 60 lakhs. Against an ambitious target of constructing 120 lakh houses during the second phase, nearly 82 lakh houses have been constructed / upgraded at a cost of more than Rs 38,500 crore.
  • Nearly 43,000 habitations have been connected with all weather roads and over 2.31 lakh kms of existing rural roads have been upgraded / renewed since Bharat Nirman was launched.
  • In Phase -1 of Bharat Nirman – safe drinking water was provided in 3.5 lakh habitations,
  • More than 20,000 water quality affected habitations have been provided safe drinking water during 2011-12.
  • Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation has been upgraded to a Ministry.
  • Government has been implementing the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)
  • 74% of our rural habitations have been provided with access to adequate safe drinking water.
  • A paradigm shift has been made in the Total Sanitation Campaign which is now called the ‘Nirmal Bharat Abhiyaan’ in the 12th Plan. Goal is to achieve 100% access to sanitation for all rural households by 2022
  • Cumulatively over the two phases of Bharat Nirman, a total of 107 lakh hectares of additional irrigation potential has been created.
  • In 2011-12 National Water Mission was launched as one of the eight missions under National Action Plan on Climate Change.
  • Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana – 2.48 lakh already electrified villages, works of 1.05 lakh  un-electrified villages have been completed. and 1.95 crore free electricity connections to BPL households have been released as of April 2012
  • 5,80,556 villages, out of a total of 5,93,601 inhabited villages have been provided with VPTs
  • Out of 2.5 lakh targeted village Panchayats,1.47 lakh have been connected through broadband.
  • Till date More Than 8 Crore People Have been benefited by Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGA)
  • UPA has spent more than 1.3 Lakh Crore  in the implementation of MG NREGA
  • More than 12 crore Job Cards Have been issues under the scheme to more than 5 Crore Households
  • Half the beneficiaries of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA are people belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
  • Out of the Beneficiaries, 47% women benefitted from Mahatma Gandhi NREGA
  • 80% of the portion of benefit , provided to women,  is being saved in their Post Office Bank Accounts

 

  • For protecting the workers against inflation, the wage rates notified under the scheme have been indexed to the Consumer Price Index for Agricultural Labour with effect from 1st January, 2011.
  • For promoting greater transparency, including Social Audit, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Audit of Schemes Rules, 2011 have been notified.
  • More than 5 crore accounts have so far been opened in over 97,000 post offices in our villages through the scheme.
  • National Rural Livelihood Mission called Aajeevika has been launched with special focus on the poorest households.
  • NRLM has set out with an agenda to cover 7 Crore BPL households, across 600 districts, 6000 blocks, 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats and 6 lakh villages in the country through self-managed Self Help Groups (SHGs) and federated institutions and support them for livelihoods collectives in a period of 8-10 years.

 

  • In 2011-12, more than 15.65 lakh Swarozgaris  (SHGs) were assisted.
  • UPA established  552  Rural Self Employment Training Institutes , to enable Banking sector to provide entrepreneurial skills to self-employment people in rural areas, by accessing credit

 

  • Agricultural credit is the driver of agricultural production. India will exceed the target of Rs. 575,000 crore fixed for 2012-13. Budget 2013-14 proposes to increase the target to Rs. 700,000 crore.
  • The interest subvention scheme for short-term crop loans started, and a farmer who repays the loan on time will be able to get credit at 4 percent per annum.
  • Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India’ (BGREI) is a remarkable success. .  Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal have increased their contribution to rice production.
  • Budget 2013-14 continues to support the eastern Indian States with an allocation of Rs1000 crore
  • Nearly 11 crore Kisan Credit Cards have been issued to farmers. The Kisan Credit Card is being enabled to be used as an ATM card at ATM/PoS terminals.
  • Production of foodgrains is estimated at an all time record level of over 250 million tonnes with production of rice and wheat estimated at all time record levels of 102 million tonnes and 88 million tonnes respectively.
  • Production of pulses and oilseeds is estimated at 17.28 million tonnes and 30.53 million tonnes respectively.
  • Production of cotton estimated to be 34 million bales is also a new record
  • The production of sugarcane stands at 347.87 million tonnes
  • Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna – States and Union Territories have been provided Rs22408.79 Crore from 2007-08 to 2011-12. A sum of Rs 9,954 crore is proposed for the same in 2013-14
  • Under the scheme of Kisan Call Centres, a country wide common eleven digit number ‘1800-180-1551’ is available to provide replies to the queries of the farming community in 22 languages from 6.00 am to 10.00 pm on all 7 days of the week.
  • Since inception of the scheme, over 76.37 lakh calls have been received in the Kisan Call Centres till January, 2012
  • The National Institute of Biotic Stress Management for addressing plant protection issues to  established at Raipur, Chhattisgarh.  The Indian Institute of Agricultural Bio-technology to be established at Ranchi, Jharkhand and will serve as a centre of excellence in agricultural bio-technology.
  • National Horticulture Mission – As of 2012, Per capita availability of fruits and vegetables has increased to about 169 gms/person/day and 332 gms/person/day respectively.
  • UPA Government has established 15 Mega Food Parks and another 15 are under consideration.
  • These 30 Mega Food Parks will enable setting up of approximately 900-1000 food processing units leading to less wastage, enhancement of shelf – life and increase in employment opportunities and farmer’s income.
  • To ensure safe and hygienic supply of meat, 10 abattoirs are being modernized with a total project cost of Rs254 crores.
  • A National Institute of Food Processing Technology & Entrepreneurship Management has been set up at Kundli, Sonepat (Haryana) having world-class facilities.
  • Over 1157 food processing industries were assisted under the Scheme of Technology Upgradation/Establishment/ Modernization of Food Processing Industries
  • In order to strengthen the veterinary infrastructure for delivering quality – 898 Veterinary Hospitals and 947 Veterinary Dispensaries during 2011-12 under the scheme “Establishment and Strengthening of Existing Veterinary Hospitals and Dispensaries”.
•   India continues to be the largest milk producing nation in the world
• The Government has approved the National Dairy Plan Phase-I to be implemented during the period 2011-12 to 2016-17. The scheme is being implemented for increasing productivity of milch animals.
•  National Mission on Protein Supplements- For Dairy, Fisheries, Piggery and Goatery development, an amount of Rs297.50 crore was released to States National Mission on that was launched in 22 States as a part of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana.
• Over 65,000 panchayats are using PRIASoft,a web-based accounting software and over 75,000 plans of different urban local bodies, rural local bodies and line departments are available online on the PlanPlus application.
• During the period 2007-12, about Rs 2,00,000 crores has been the flow of credit from Public Sector Banks and Housing Finance Corporations to low income segments.
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