UID – Aadhaar

Exhibits – India's Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (L

  • The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has been mandated to issue unique identification numbers (Aadhaar) to all the residents of India.
  • UIDAI has enrolled, through multiple registrars, 33 crore residents by May 2013. UIDAI will enroll an additional 27 crore residents over the next 12 months
  • On 20-October, 2012, Prime Minister launched Aadhaar Enabled Service Delivery in Rajasthan
  • From Dudu, Rajasthan, residents were seen taking their benefits under various welfare programmes such as Chief Minister’s BPL Housing Scheme, Chief Minister’s Higher Education Scholarship Scheme and MNREGA.
  • Beneficiaries from Andhra Pradesh were shown taking their quota of ration from Fair Price Shops under the Public Distribution System in Kakinada, East Godavari district, after using the Aadhaar Online Authentication System.
  • In Aurangabad, Maharashtra, payments under the Scholarship and Old Age Pension Social Security Welfare Scheme were made via the Aadhaar Enabled Payment System, with beneficiaries getting their dues after authenticating their identity via a micro-ATM device.
  • LPG cylinders were delivered to residents of Mysore, Karnataka using the Aadhaar Enabled Service Delivery mechanism, which involved authenticating the identity of the resident through a hand-held device.
  • In Ramgarh district of Jharkhand, money which was transferred by Jharkhand Government directly to the beneficiaries’ Aadhaar-linked bank accounts under the MNREGS program, was withdrawn by residents through a microATM device operated by a Business Correspondent.

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  • Similarly, the residents of West Tripura district in Tripura were paid their dues under the Old Age Pension Scheme, using the Aadhaar Enabled Payment System.
  • In May-2013 Govt approves Rs 3,436 cr for Phase IV of Aadhaar scheme, Phase-I and II have been completed and Phase-III is under implementation
  • Aadhaar based Direct Benefit Transfers  was rolled out from 1.1.2013 in a phased manner in 43 districts and 26 schemes.
  • DBT is likely to be expanded to cover 78 more districts in the next phase of the rollout which will begin from 1 July 2013.
  • The IMF has said that Direct cash through Aadhaar to save 0.5% of GDP for India
  • The total savings could be substantial: if the combination of direct cash transfer and Aadhaar eliminates the estimated 15% leakage cited above for the programmes being integrated, savings could total 0.5% of GDP in addition to the gains from the better targeting of spending on the poor